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Andhra Pradesh
Business Locations
Economic Infrastructure
Investment Incentives
Major Industries
Ports, Education, Health

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General Information

The State of Andhra Pradesh is strategically located in the Indian sub continent. It has the second largest coastal line in the country with an area of 970 Km. Andhra Pradesh is increasingly being recognized, as the hub of industrial activity in South India .It is the third largest state in the country over an area of 276754 sq kms, and a population of 76 million.

Andhra Pradesh is bordered on the south by Tamil Nadu state, on the west by Karnataka state, on the north and northwest by Maharashtra state, on the northeast by Madhya Pradesh and Orissa states, and on the east by the Bay of Bengal. The northern area of Andhra Pradesh is mountainous. The highest peak Mahendragiri rises 1500 m above the sea level. The climate is generally hot and humid. Annual rainfall is 125 cm.

The capital city of the State is Hyderabad, which is cosmopolitan, convenient and accessible.

Geographic Information

Andhra Pradesh has a geographical area of 2,76,754 sq. km, of which 40% is under agriculture and another 23% is forest area.

Geographic Profile  


Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, Visakhapatnam, East Godavari, West Godavari, Krishna, Guntur, Prakasam, Nellore, Chittoor, Ananthapur, Kadapa, Kurnool, Mahabubnagar, Ranga Reddy, Medak, Nizamabad, Karimanagar, , Adilabad, Warangal, Khammam, Nalgonda and Hyderabad

Major cities

Hyderabad, Visakhapatnam, Vijayawada, Tirupathi, Warangal, Guntur, Kakinada, Nellore and Kurnool

Coastline length 

974 Kms

Major Rivers

Krishna, Godavari, Thungabadra



Maximum Temperature

44.8 degrees C during summers.

Minimum Temperature

11.3 degrees C during winters.

Annual Rainfall (Average)

940 mm

Demographic Information

Andhra Pradesh is the fifth most populous state in India with a population of over 7.60 crores. It is characterised by a large pool of scientific and technical manpower (75% of India's engineering graduates come from the four southern states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala).

Demographic Profile  

State Capital


Area of the State

2,75,100 Sq. Kms

Population (2001 Census)

7,62,10, 007

Male Population


Female Population


Density of Population 

277 persons per Sq. Km

Sex Ratio

978 (Females per 1000 Males)

Urban Percentage 


Total No. of Households


Languages Spoken

Telugu, English, Urdu and Hindi 

Religions followed

Hinduism, Islam and Christianity

Advantages of Andhra Pradesh

  • Andhra Pradesh is the third largest state in the country with an area of 2,76,754 Kms. It is ranked among the fastest growing state in the country with an 8.35 per cent annual growth.
  • Andhra Pradesh is well connected globally and locally, with the presence of world-class infrastructure facilities. It also has a large base of education institutions in the country.
  • Andhra Pradesh is a mineral-rich state, ranked second in India, containing a vast and variety of mineral wealth. There is still under-tapped and untapped mineral wealth throwing up many opportunities in this field for the new entrepreneurs. The state accounts for considerable reserves of important minerals in the country.
  • Andhra Pradesh is blessed with a bounty of natural resources, endowed with fertile land, water and conducive agro-climatic conditions and it is an agriculturally-prosperous state.
  • Andhra Pradesh ranks among the largest producers of food grains, fruits, vegetables, cotton, maize, dairy and poultry products in the country. Leading state in several agro based industries - Sugar, Edible oil, Seafood etc.
  • Andhra Pradesh is an energy abundant state. It has an installed capacity for generating 10273.44 MW, the second highest in the country and many projects are under implementation to generate 4715 MW by 2009. In comparison to the other states of India, Andhra Pradesh has progressed furthest in reforming its energy sector (privatisation, separation of generation from transmission and distribution). Andhra Pradesh was ranked the best state award for power for the year 2005-06.
  • Andhra Pradesh has the distinction of being known as the Cement and powerhouse of India. It is also the leading producer of paper.
  • Andhra Pradesh's pharmaceuticals sector is internationally known for its skills in chemical synthesis and process engineering on the one hand, and its commitment to the invention of new molecules on the other.
  • Andhra Pradesh is home to many manufacturing and service industries such as Information Technology, Bulk Drugs & Pharmaceuticals, Agro Processing; Mineral based Industries, Engineering Industries, Textiles, Leather Goods, Gems and Jewellery.
  • Andhra Pradesh has immensely contributed to the pool of IT professionals in the economy. Nearly 23 per cent of the software professionals in the United States of America are from Andhra Pradesh.
  • Andhra Pradesh occupies a Place of pride in the country in the IT and IT Enabled Services activities. Most villages in Andhra Pradesh have been covered by the optical fiber network of BSNL and Reliance providing the communications network.
  • The exports from Andhra Pradesh are growing at 10 per cent every year.
  • Andhra Pradesh has skilled and dedicated workforce and a large number of universities, technical colleges, ITIs, polytechnics etc. With a view to foster agriculture research and development, Andhra Pradesh has one Agriculture University and seven Agricultural Colleges, strong R&D infrastructure and institutions such as CCMB, ICRISAT, NARM, MANAGE and NIRD.
  • Andhra Pradesh provides a cosmopolitan environment with good quality of life at comparable costs.

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