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General Information

The Union Territory of Delhi has found prominence right from the epic of the Mahabharata and the various dynasties of the Maurayas, Pallavas, Guptas, and finally the Mughals. Delhi became the centre of all activities after the capital was shifted from Kolkata. It was made a Union Territory in 1956.

Lying in the northern part of the country, Delhi is surrounded by Haryana on all sides except the east, where it borders with Uttar Pradesh.

Fact File

Geographical Area 0.01(Lakh Sq Km)
Population (2001 Census) In lakhs 138.50 Lakhs
Percentage of State population to All India Population 1.35

Literacy rate (2001 Census)

  • Male
  • Female
Languages English, Hindi, Punjabi, Urdu
The average annual rainfall 714 mm
Climate· Summer· Winter 40-45 degrees Celsius4 to 5 degree Celsius

Source: CSO

Advantage Delhi

  • Centre of Small Scale Industry in India.
  • Encouragement to Non-polluting and Non-Hazardous industries
  • Excellent connectivity in the form of state of the art infrastructure (Flyovers, Metro Rail etc).

Economic Infrastructure


As compared to the other states and union territories, Delhi had the highest per capita power consumption of 1265 KWH per annum during the year 2004-05 as compared to the national average of 606 KWH.

Delhi Electric Supply Undertaking DESU is responsible for the generation and transmission mechanism in Delhi. It came in to existence in February 1997 replacing Delhi Vidyut Board (DVB), which was responsible till 30th June to provide electricity to areas falling within the jurisdiction of municipal limits and supplying electricity in bulk to New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC) and the Delhi Cantonment Board (DCB) which in turn distributed it within their own areas. From 1st July 2002 under the Delhi Electricity Reforms Act, DVB was unbundled into six companies comprising of a Generation Company, a Transmission Company, three distribution companies and one holding company.

The Generation and Transmission functions are performed by the two companies
as wholly state government owned companies

  • Genco- Indraprastha Power Generation Company Ltd, to which the generation assets of existing Indraprastha Thermal Power Station, Rajghat Thermal Power Station and Gas Turbine Power Station have been transferred (hereinafter referred to as 'GENCO')
  • Transco -Transco company also makes available bulk supply of power to NDMC and MES for distribution in their respective areas.

The distribution functions have been entrusted to two private companies

  • BSES- BSES has taken up two distribution companies namely; BSES Rajdhani Power Ltd and BSES Yamuna Power Ltd.
  • TATA Power Ltd - Tata Power has been named as New Delhi Power Ltd.

Investment in the energy sector

The share of energy in total plan expenditure from 2003 to 2006 is given below:

Outlay & expenditure under energy sector:

Five-Year Plan Period Total PlanExpenditure Expenditure on Energy Sector % of Total Plan Expenditure
Annual Plan 2003- 2004 4609.22 1706.29 37.02
Annual Plan 2004 -2005 4260.53 625.74 14.69
Annual Plan 2005-2006 4280.87 271.47 6.34

Energy Demand

The state's power demand is growing at the rate of 5-6% per annum. From a peak demand of only 27 MW in 1951, Delhi's power demand crossed 3600 MW on 23rd June 2005. Delhi Transco Ltd. (DTL) has met this demand from various sources as detailed below: -

Availability from Delhi's own plants 1116 MW
Availability from Central Sector Stations 2115 MW
Availability from other states through bilateral arrangements. 369 MW
Total demand met 3600 MW

Energy Demand and load shedding

The overall supply of power in Delhi has improved significantly as the load shedding decreases year after year as shown hereunder: -

Year Peak Demand Met (MW) Energy consumed in Million Units Load sheddingin Million Consumption Load sheddingin % with Units
2002-03 3097 19667 452 2.30
2003-04 3289 20385 229 1.12
2004-05 3490 20810 177 0.85

Source: Delhi Transco Ltd.

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