The Union Territory of Delhi has found prominence right
from the epic of the Mahabharata and the various dynasties
of the Maurayas, Pallavas, Guptas, and finally the Mughals.
Delhi became the centre of all activities after the
capital was shifted from Kolkata. It was made a Union
Territory in 1956.
Lying in the northern part of the country, Delhi is
surrounded by Haryana on all sides except the east,
where it borders with Uttar Pradesh.
Census) In lakhs
|Percentage of State
population to All India Population
Literacy rate (2001 Census)
|The average annual
||40-45 degrees Celsius4
to 5 degree Celsius
- Centre of Small Scale Industry in India.
- Encouragement to Non-polluting and Non-Hazardous
- Excellent connectivity in the form of state of the
art infrastructure (Flyovers, Metro Rail etc).
As compared to the other states and union territories,
Delhi had the highest per capita power consumption of
1265 KWH per annum during the year 2004-05 as compared
to the national average of 606 KWH.
Delhi Electric Supply Undertaking DESU is responsible
for the generation and transmission mechanism in Delhi.
It came in to existence in February 1997 replacing Delhi
Vidyut Board (DVB), which was responsible till 30th
June to provide electricity to areas falling within
the jurisdiction of municipal limits and supplying electricity
in bulk to New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC) and the
Delhi Cantonment Board (DCB) which in turn distributed
it within their own areas. From 1st July 2002 under
the Delhi Electricity Reforms Act, DVB was unbundled
into six companies comprising of a Generation Company,
a Transmission Company, three distribution companies
and one holding company.
The Generation and Transmission functions are performed
by the two companies
as wholly state government owned companies
- Genco- Indraprastha
Power Generation Company Ltd, to which the generation
assets of existing Indraprastha Thermal Power Station,
Rajghat Thermal Power Station and Gas Turbine Power
Station have been transferred (hereinafter referred
to as 'GENCO')
- Transco -Transco
company also makes available bulk supply of power
to NDMC and MES for distribution in their respective
The distribution functions have been entrusted to two
- BSES- BSES has taken
up two distribution companies namely; BSES Rajdhani
Power Ltd and BSES Yamuna Power Ltd.
- TATA Power Ltd - Tata
Power has been named as New Delhi Power Ltd.
Investment in the energy
The share of energy in total plan expenditure from
2003 to 2006 is given below:
Outlay & expenditure under energy
||Expenditure on Energy
||% of Total Plan
The state's power demand is growing at the rate of
5-6% per annum. From a peak demand of only 27 MW in
1951, Delhi's power demand crossed 3600 MW on 23rd June
2005. Delhi Transco Ltd. (DTL) has met this demand from
various sources as detailed below: -
|Availability from Delhi's own
|Availability from Central Sector
|Availability from other states
through bilateral arrangements.
|Total demand met
Energy Demand and load shedding
The overall supply of power in Delhi has improved significantly
as the load shedding decreases year after year as shown
||Peak Demand Met
in Million Units
% with Units
Source: Delhi Transco Ltd.