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General information

Tripura is one of the seven states in the north eastern part of India located between 22 degree and 56 minutes and 24 degree and 32 minutes north latitude and between 90 degree and 09 minutes and 92 degree and 20 minutes east latitude. It is bounded on the north, west, south and southeast by Bangladesh whereas in the east it has a common boundary with Assam and Mizoram.

Fact File

Geographical Area 0.10 (lakh sq. km)
Capital Agartala
Population (2001 Census) In lakhs 31.99
Literacy Percentage 73.19%
  • Male Literacy
  • Female Literacy
Principal Language Bengal, Kokborak, English

Source: CSO Estimates

Advantage Tripura

  • Strategic location

    • Tripura is surrounded by Bangladesh on three sides and hence providing opportunity for beneficial trade.

    • Efforts on for transit route through Bangladesh and access to Chittagong Port of Bangladesh. Efforts are also being made to start Border Trade with Bangladesh.

    • The Tripura economy will be effectively integrated with the eastern India and other countries in the region in the near future.

  • Conducive physical and social infrastructure

    • The state is currently power- surplus.

    • The power tariffs are comparatively lower.

    • The national highway linking Agartala to Guwahati has been upgraded and extended up to sabroom.

    • The Agartala airport has been upgraded.

    • The telecom infrastructure has also been upgraded by laying OFC network. WLL system has also been introduced.

    • At present, there are six industrial estates in existence and proposals have been made for setting up industrial parks, food parks, etc.

  • Lucrative incentive package for industries

  • Investor friendly environment

  • Single window approach

Economic Infrastructure


Installed capacity

During the year 2005-06,the installed capacity of the state stood at 149.46 MW as compared to the previous years. A detailed statement depicting power scenario in the state is given below:-

Installed capacity 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06
Thermal 4.85 4.85 4.85
Hydro 16.01 16.01 16.00
Gas 106.50 106.50 127.50
Others 0.00 1.00 1.11
Total 127.36 128.36 149.46


Installed capacity by ownership

Installed capacity by ownership (MW) 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06
State sector 127.36 127.36 148.36
Private/Licensee 0.00 1.00 1.10
Total state & private sectors 127.36 128.36 149.46
Share in Central Sector stations 93.10 93.10 95.00
Total 220.46 221.46 244.46

Power supply position

The overall power supply position in the state for the year 2005-06 is given below:-

Energy (MU) Requirement
Peak (MW) Requirement


Major projects in Power sector

Tripura's power scenario is expected to get a major boost with the setting up of three gas-based thermal plants that are expected to turn around the state's economy. Three major thermal power projects totaling about 1,041 MW are now in the pipeline. Once power generation commences from these plants, Tripura will not only be self-sufficient, but could supply surplus power to other states

The major project is the 750 MW gas-based thermal power project at Palatana in south Tripura expected to be commissioned by 2009. The Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) has been assigned for the Rs.40 billion-Palatana project. After commissioning of the 750 MW project, there would be provision to increase the generation capacity to 1,100 MW,

There are two more power projects in the pipeline - a 280 MW thermal power project by the public sector North Eastern Electrical Power Corporation (NEEPCO) at Monarchak in west Tripura and a 21 MW gas-based unit at Baramura in west Tripura

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