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General Information

Gujarat state came into existence as a separate State on 1st May 1960.The State is situated on the west coast of India between 20-6' N to 24-42' N north latitude and 68-10'E to 74-28'E east longitude. Situated on the west coast of India, Gujarat is one of the leading industrial states of India. It has a geographical area of 1,96,024 sq kms and accounts for 6.19% of the total area of India. Led by entrepreneurial spirit and unfaltering State Government support, Gujarat is a manufacturing powerhouse with world-class production capabilities. Gujarat accounts for 16% of the country's total investment and 10% of the total expenditure. A strong manufacturing sector is the edifice of economic activity in Gujarat. The state contributes 20% to the manufacturing, 14% to the exports and 30% to the stock market capitalization of India.

Fact File

Geographical Area 1.96 (lakh sq. km)
Capital Gandhinagar
Population (2001 Census) In lakhs 84.89
Gross state Domestic product (GSDP) at current prices in 2004-2005 (as of Feb 2006)

179544 (Rs. Crore)

US$ 38.8306 bn

Gross state Domestic product (GSDP) at constant price (1993-94) in 2004-2005 (as of Feb 2006)

107033 (Rs. Crore)

US$ 23.1554 bn

Net State Domestic Product at Current Prices (2004-05) 1,525,16(Rs.Crore)

US$ 33.0202 bn

Net State Domestic Product at Constant Prices (1993-1994) for (2004-05) 90783 (Rs.Crore)

US$ 19.6548 bn

Per Capita Income at current prices (2004-2005) Rs 28,355

US$ 613.458

Percentage of State Population to All India Population 4.93
Share of primary sector of the total GSDP in 2004-2005 18.5%
Share of secondary sector of the total GSDP in 2004-2005 39.1%
Share of primary sector of the total GSDP in 2004-2005 42.4%
Total Investments (as on Jan 2006)

2,29,152 (Rs. Crore)

US$ 49.6369 bn

Literacy Rate (2001 Census) 69.14%
Male 79.66%
Female 57.80%
Principal languages Gujarati, English
Geographic Location

Situated in the Northwestern part of the Indian peninsula, the state of Gujarat is bound by Rajas than in the North, Madhya Pradesh in the East, Maharashtra in the Southeast, Arabian Sea in the west and Pakistan in the northwest.

Gujarat, one of the most industrialized state in India, has been on the industrial map of the world since the late eighteenth century with its long-standing trade links with Europe, the Middle East and African countries.


Total area of Gujarat is 196024 sq km.


The climate of Gujarat is moist in the southern districts and dry in the northern region. Due to the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Cambay Gujarat's climate is pleasant and healthy. The seasons can be divided into: the winter season from November to February, the hot season from March to May, the south-west monsoon season from June to September and the intervening month of October.


27° C to 42° C in summer
14° C to 29° C in winter

Advantage Gujarat

  • Gujarat has a strategic location, which gives it easy accessibility to the western, Middle East and African markets.
  • The population density of Gujarat now stands at 258 persons per sq. km as against the national average of 325 persons per sq. km.
  • The state has longest coastline among all states in India - 1600 Kms, dotted with 41 ports -- 1 major, 11 intermediate and 29 minor.
  • Gujarat has the advantage of entrepreneurial skill.
  • High level of industrialization: Investment equivalent to over US$ 30 billion underway.
  • The state is blessed with highly productive and peaceful workforce.
  • The present power generating capacity 9,007 MW* - and plans are afoot to raise it to 17,477 MW by 2010 AD (*excluding 4,600 MW captive generation).
  • Excellent road network - length exceeding 74,000 Kms linking all the regions of the State.
  • An efficient rail network connecting all-important centres in the state.
  • Highest number of Airports - 11 - among all the states in India with Ahmedabad an international airport.
  • Second highest in India in terms of industrial production, lignite, petroleum and moulding sand.
  • Fourth highest in India in overall mining of minerals.
  • Largest deposits of fluorite, agate and chalk.
  • Contributing almost 100% of Acrilonitrile, Cyanide Salts, PMMA, PP, Melamine, Sodium Bicarbonate and Phosphorus and as much as over 80% of Soda Ash, Xylene, Elastomer and LDPE in country's total production.
  • Quality network of educational institutions.
  • Excellent law and order situation.
  • Professional approach of the Government and Civil services.
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