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General Information

Meghalaya "the abode of clouds" became a full-fledged State on January 21, 1972. The State of Meghalaya is situated on the north east of India; it extends for about 300 kilometers in length and about 100 kilometers in breadth. It is bounded on the north by Goal Para, Kamrup, Nagoan and Karbi Anglong districts of Assam State and on the east by the Districts of Cachar and North Cachar Hills, also of the State of Assam. On the south and west is Bangladesh. Meghalaya lies between 20º1 'N and 26º5 latitude and 85º49 'E and 92.52 "E longitude. The state of Meghalaya has 7-districts:(i) East Khasi Hills District (ii) West Khasi Hills District (iii) Jaintia Hills District (iv) Ri-Bhoi District (v) West Garo Hills District (vi) East Garo Hills District and (vii) South Garo Hills.Shillong is the capital city of Meghalaya, which derived its name from the manifestation of the creator called Shyllong.

Fact file

Geographical Area 0.22 (lakh sq. km)
Capital Shillong
Population (2001 Census) In lakhs 23.19
Gross state Domestic product (GSDP) at current prices in 2004-2005 (as of Feb 2006) US$ 1.14070 bn
Gross state Domestic product (GSDP) at constant price (1993-94) in 2004-2005 (as of Feb 2006) US$ 0.661538 bn
Net State Domestic Product at Current Prices (2004-05) US$ 1.03046 bn
Net State Domestic Product at Constant Prices (1993-1994) for (2004-05) US$ 0.593858 bn
Per Capita Income at current prices (2004-2005) US$ 422.222
Percentage of State Population to All India Population 0.23
Literacy Rate (2001 Census) 62.56%
  • Female
Principal languages Khasi, Garo, and English

Source: CSO Estimates

Advantage Meghalaya

  • A peaceful and progressive state economy in north- east region of India
  • A congenial invstment climate.
  • A storehouse of vast natural resources, such as minerals, agricultural products, forest products, hydel power, etc.
  • A liberalized state industrial policy providing attractive incentives and subsidies with single window clearance facility.
  • Availability of skilled but cheap manpower.
  • An automatic choice for tourists with its pleasant climate, scenic landscape, and other facilities.
  • Special central government incentives for investment in Meghalaya.
  • Favorable regulatory environment.
  • Industrial estates/areas, Export Promotion Industrial Parks (EPIP) and growth centres set up at strategic locations within the State.
  • Adequate infrastructure particularly in terms of power, transportation, communication, banking, medical facilities, education etc; surplus power being exported to neighboring states and countries.
  • A ready market in the Northeast and the neighboring countries viz. Bangladesh.
  • The state capital Shillong is an important centre for education in the Northeast.
  • Communication is easy - English being the widely spoken language.

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