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General Information

Punjab symbolizes the land of enterprise and endeavor. The state of Punjab blessed with fertile soils and rivers, has earned the distinction of being the " Granary of India" owing to its enterprising spirit and toil of its people. Punjab is a progressive state of India with an average growth rate of 10 per cent and has evolved into a land of boundless opportunities for investment, industry and employment.

Punjab is bordered by Pakistan in the West, Jammu and Kashmir in the North, Himachal Pradesh to the northeast, Haryana to the south and southeast, Chandigarh to the southeast and Rajasthan to the southwest. The state of Punjab was the first to translate agricultural technology into the " Green Revolution" recording the highest growth rate in food production.

Fact File

Geographical Area 0.50 ( Lakh Sq km)
Capital Chandigarh
Population (2001 Census) In lakhs 243.59
Gross state Domestic Product at Current Prices (2004-05) (As on Feb 2006) 88351 (Rs Crores)
US$ 19.1497 bn
Gross state Domestic Product at Constant Prices (1993-94 ) for the Year (2004-05) (As on Feb 2006) 48532 (Rs crores)
US$ 10.5207 bn
Net State Domestic Product at Current Prices (2004-05)(As on Feb 2006) 79010 (Rs Crores)
US$ 17.1278 bn
Net State Domestic Product at Constant Prices (1993-94) for the year (2004-05) (As on Feb 2006) 43122 (Rs Crores )
US$ 9.34826 bn
Per capita NSDP (state Income) at Current Prices(As on Feb 2006) Rs 30710
US$ 665.751
Percentage of State Population to All India Population 2.37
Literacy Rate
Languages Hindi, English, Punjabi

Advantage Punjab

  • All towns and villages are well connected by roads. All villages are
    electrified. A vast network of canals and tube wells irrigate 90% of the
    cultivated area.
  • Punjab has 4.2 millions hectares of well-irrigated and fertile land in which cropping intensity is 182%. Having a geographical area of only 1.5%, Punjab produces 21% of the country's wheat (13.7 million tons), 9% of rice (7.3 million tons) and 15% of cotton (1.9 million bales). It contributes 60 to 70% of wheat and 40 to 50% of rice to the central pool. Punjab State has earned a name "Food Basket of Country" & "Granary of India" has been containing 40- 50% of Rice & 50-70% of Wheat for the last two decades.
  • The state has abundant labour resources coupled with cheap water and power supply.
  • Highly skilled and professional work force with an abundance of skilled workers.
  • Punjab has the highest per capita incomes in India.
  • Conducive and harmonious industrial relations.
  • Well-developed export base.
  • Strong agricultural and a well developed small and medium scale industrial base.
  • Well-developed financial services- banks, financial institutions and stock exchange.
  • Peaceful and congenial environment.
  • The state of Punjab cleared a record level of Private investment amounting to US$ 11.2718 billion in various industrial and housing projects, of which nearly US$ 1.95088 billion has been materialized. Punjab has been judged as the best-administered state in India over the last three years.
  • Punjab has the best power situation in the country and the power tariff is one of the lowest in the country.
  • The Government is committed to its initiatives in e-governance and has envisioned the creation of a common infrastructure for the implementation of e-governance projects

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