INDIAN STATE : MIZORAM
Mizoram State lies between 21°58' and 24°35'
N Latitudes and 92°15' and 93° 29' E Longitudes.
It is located in the Northeastern region of India, bordering
Myanmar in the east and Bangladesh in the west. The
state's topography is, by and large, mountainous with
precipitous slopes forming deep gorges culminating into
several streams and rivers. There are 15 major rivers
in this state.
||0.21 (lakh sq. km)
|Population (2001 Census)
||In lakhs 8.89
|Percentage of State Population
to All India Population
|Literacy Rate (2001 Census)
||Mizo and English
|Average height of hills
|During winter (varies between)
During Summer (varies between)
|20 °C and 29º
C11ºC to 21º C
- Locational advantage
- High literacy rate
- Good connectivity
- Responsive government
- Good Institutional support
- Favorable policy environment
At present, there are 22 (twenty two) isolated diesel
power stations spread at various places and 9(nine)
Mini/Micro Hydel stations in operation. The above total
installed capacity of diesel Power Station is 26.14MW
and Mini/Micro Hydel Station is 8.25MW. As per 16th
Electric Power Survey of India under Central Electricity
Authority (CEA), Government of India, the restricted
peak load demand of the State during the year 2002-2003
is 102 MW. Against this, an effective capacity of about
16MW from Diesel Power Stations and 6MW from Hydel Stations
is available from local generation at present.
Importing energy from center, generating stations and
Mizoram share of 8MW from Rokhia-II in Tripura through
the North Eastern Grid looked after by the Power Grid
mostly makes up the requirement of power. In all, total
availability of imported power rarely exceed 45 MW during
The power demand estimates for Mizoram adopted by the
Central Electricity Authority (CEA) in its fourth National
Plan 1997-2012 are based on the estimates made by the
16th Electric Power Survey of India under CEA, Government
of India, and are given below:
Peak Load Requirement
Potential power options
Grid Power is considered to be a cheap source of energy
and, therefore the strategic advantages of grid-based
power are now being taken into account. Because of its
advantages and its cheaper rates, grid-based power is
now available and Government of Mizoram endeavours to
push for an improvement in the transmission mechanism
of power, and even more power from the grid. The government
also endeavours to augment and improve the transmission
systems so as to improve the reliability and availability
of power supplies, making Mizoram an investment friendly
Being a hilly terrain, steep, and separated by rivers
flowing either to the north or to the south, creating
deep gorges between the hill ranges, Mizoram has a great
potential for small and seasonal small hydro project.
Small hydel plants have advantage of modest front-end
costs and benefits that are not far off in time. The
state government has already cleared 11 projects sites
for these projects which are expected to be implemented
in the near future. Further, the Ministry of Renewable
Energy is offering a subsidy of 50% on the project cost
in case of small hydel plant up to 3 MW of capacity.
Solar Energy is another potential areas for investment
in Mizoram. About 58 villages are electrified by solar
energy in Mizoram and with constant efforts of International
energy and environmental devilment agencies solar energy
is expected to grow fast.
Thermal power plant is one source in which the state
government is actively considering to invest in order
to relieve the most urgent short-term need and also
to meet the peak demand.
In order to raise the efficiency of the power sector,
it is considered to build furnace oil based power plant
as part of a multi-pronged package of Industry promotion.
This plant is expected to increase energy efficiency
and PLF, and also to reduce transmission and distribution
Incentives by the state government:
- Exemption from Electricity Duty: Consumption of
electricity generated by eligible producers for its
captive use or upon sale to a nominated third party
will be exempted from electricity duty.
- Grant of incentives available to industries: Eligible
producers generating electricity from Non-Conventional
Energy Sources will be treated an eligible industry
under the schemes administered by Industry Department
and incentives available to "eligible producers"
for establishing such power generation plants. Similarly
concession given to the industrial unit in the backward
areas will also be provided to such eligible producers.
Infrastructural facilities such as approach road,
water supply, power during construction period, etc.
will be provided on the lines of provisions for such
facilities to other industrial units.
- The State Government will endeavor to extend all
incentives and facilities granted by the Central Government
for similar undertaking in other States.
- Sales Tax Exemption: - Renewable Energy equipment
and materials shall be exempted from State sales tax.