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General Information

Mizoram State lies between 21°58' and 24°35' N Latitudes and 92°15' and 93° 29' E Longitudes. It is located in the Northeastern region of India, bordering Myanmar in the east and Bangladesh in the west. The state's topography is, by and large, mountainous with precipitous slopes forming deep gorges culminating into several streams and rivers. There are 15 major rivers in this state.

Fact File

Geographical Area 0.21 (lakh sq. km)
Capital Aizawl
Population (2001 Census) In lakhs 8.89
Percentage of State Population to All India Population 0.09
Literacy Rate (2001 Census)
Principal languages Mizo and English
Average height of hills 1000meters
During winter (varies between)
During Summer (varies between)
20 °C and 29º
C11ºC to 21º C

Advantage Mizoram

  • Locational advantage
  • High literacy rate
  • Good connectivity
  • Responsive government
  • Good Institutional support
  • Favorable policy environment

Economic Infrastructure


At present, there are 22 (twenty two) isolated diesel power stations spread at various places and 9(nine) Mini/Micro Hydel stations in operation. The above total installed capacity of diesel Power Station is 26.14MW and Mini/Micro Hydel Station is 8.25MW. As per 16th Electric Power Survey of India under Central Electricity Authority (CEA), Government of India, the restricted peak load demand of the State during the year 2002-2003 is 102 MW. Against this, an effective capacity of about 16MW from Diesel Power Stations and 6MW from Hydel Stations is available from local generation at present.

Importing energy from center, generating stations and Mizoram share of 8MW from Rokhia-II in Tripura through the North Eastern Grid looked after by the Power Grid mostly makes up the requirement of power. In all, total availability of imported power rarely exceed 45 MW during peak hour.

Demand estimate

The power demand estimates for Mizoram adopted by the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) in its fourth National Plan 1997-2012 are based on the estimates made by the 16th Electric Power Survey of India under CEA, Government of India, and are given below:

Peak Load Requirement

Year MW
2002-03 102
2006-07 267

Potential power options

Grid Power is considered to be a cheap source of energy and, therefore the strategic advantages of grid-based power are now being taken into account. Because of its advantages and its cheaper rates, grid-based power is now available and Government of Mizoram endeavours to push for an improvement in the transmission mechanism of power, and even more power from the grid. The government also endeavours to augment and improve the transmission systems so as to improve the reliability and availability of power supplies, making Mizoram an investment friendly state.

Being a hilly terrain, steep, and separated by rivers flowing either to the north or to the south, creating deep gorges between the hill ranges, Mizoram has a great potential for small and seasonal small hydro project. Small hydel plants have advantage of modest front-end costs and benefits that are not far off in time. The state government has already cleared 11 projects sites for these projects which are expected to be implemented in the near future. Further, the Ministry of Renewable Energy is offering a subsidy of 50% on the project cost in case of small hydel plant up to 3 MW of capacity.

Solar Energy is another potential areas for investment in Mizoram. About 58 villages are electrified by solar energy in Mizoram and with constant efforts of International energy and environmental devilment agencies solar energy is expected to grow fast.

Thermal power plant is one source in which the state government is actively considering to invest in order to relieve the most urgent short-term need and also to meet the peak demand.

In order to raise the efficiency of the power sector, it is considered to build furnace oil based power plant as part of a multi-pronged package of Industry promotion. This plant is expected to increase energy efficiency and PLF, and also to reduce transmission and distribution losses.

Incentives by the state government:

  1. Exemption from Electricity Duty: Consumption of electricity generated by eligible producers for its captive use or upon sale to a nominated third party will be exempted from electricity duty.
  2. Grant of incentives available to industries: Eligible producers generating electricity from Non-Conventional Energy Sources will be treated an eligible industry under the schemes administered by Industry Department and incentives available to "eligible producers" for establishing such power generation plants. Similarly concession given to the industrial unit in the backward areas will also be provided to such eligible producers. Infrastructural facilities such as approach road, water supply, power during construction period, etc. will be provided on the lines of provisions for such facilities to other industrial units.
  3. The State Government will endeavor to extend all incentives and facilities granted by the Central Government for similar undertaking in other States.
  4. Sales Tax Exemption: - Renewable Energy equipment and materials shall be exempted from State sales tax.

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