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General Information

The Union Territory of Pondicherry is located on the Coromandel Coast, nearly 160 Kms from the city of Chennai. The French ruled the territory for about 300 years. This former French colony exudes a Mediterranean aura with its elegant homes, calm atmosphere and serene locales. The city has imbibed the Tamilian culture.

The Union Territory of Pondicherry comprises of four coastal regions viz- Pondicherry, Karaikal, Mahe and Yanam. Pondicherry and Karaikal are situated on the East Coasts in Tamil Nadu, Yanam in Andra Pradesh and Mahe on the West Coast in Kerala.

Fact File

Population (2001 Census) (as on March 2005) 10,50,218
Gross state domestic product at current prices (2004-2005) US$ 1.39965 bn
Gross state domestic product at constant prices (1993-1994) for 2004-2005 US$ 0.777751 bn
Net state domestic product at current prices for 2004-2005 US$ 1.26578 bn
Net state domestic product at constant prices (1993-94) prices for 2004-2005 US$ 0.675178 bn
Per capita income US$ 765.9
Literacy rate (In percentage) 81.49
Male 88.89
Female 74.13
Language Tamil, Malayalam, Telugu, French, English

Source: CSO

Advantage Pondicherry

  • IT Hardware capital of India.
  • Education Hub of South India.
  • Proactive Government administration and incentives.
  • Reliable connectivity with state of the art communication networks
  • Presence of unique spiritual centres such as the Aurobindo and Auroville ashram that draw international attention.
  • Stable socio-political environment.

Economic Infrastructure


A medium size airport is available in Pondicherry.The International airport is at Chennai which is at 2 hours drive from Pondicherry.


Pondicherry is connected through a meter gauge (being converted to broad gauge) railway line with Villupuram. There is only one railway station between Pondicherry and Villupuram i.e. Villianur.


Total road length of the state is 2552 kms. The road length per 1000 is 4575. Pondicherry is well connected to most of the major towns of southern India by road. Pondicherry and Chennai are well linked through picturesque East Coast Road (ECR). Total number of Motor vehicles in Pondicherry is 251183 and the vehicle density per Sq.Km is 507.


Pondicherry is accessible to major ports like Chennai, Tuticorin, Cochin and Vishaghapattinam.Also, Pondicherry port is being modernised.


As part of the southern-grid, adequate power has been allocated to Union Territory of Pondicherry. Steady supply of power is presently available at rates cheaper than neighbouring states.

The installed capacity of power utilities in Pondicherry as on 31st January 2007 stood at

Sector Hydro
RES Nuclear Grand Total
    Coal Gas Diesel Total      
State 0.00 0.00 32.50 0.00 32.50 0.00 0.00 32.50
Private 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 0.00 0.60
Central 0.00 214.01 0.00 0.00 214.01 0.00 13.13 227.14
Sub-Total 0.00 214.01 32.50 0.00 246.51 0.60 13.13 260.24


The power requirement of the Union Territory of Pondicherry is 175 MW and the power availability is 229 MW.For the power generation 32.50 Gas based power project has been commissioned. The per capita electricity consumption of Pondicherry is 1161 KWH as compared to all India which is 320.1 KWH.


Pondicherry is a part of the Global Information Highway. Good telecom infrastructure including cellular, pager, ISDN, and Internet services are available.
It has recorded 92730 numbers of telephone lines and holds 31 telephone exchanges. The tele density in Pondicherry is 48.7 lines per 1000 persons.

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