INDIAN STATE : MIZORAM
Mizoram, with an area of 21,090 sq. Km. has an abundant
reserve of Bamboo forest covering 12,54,400 ha, contributing
to 14% of All India Bamboo Distribution. Bamboo is distributed
thoroughly between 400-1520 m altitude. Melocanna baccifera
(Mautak) is the major component of bamboo in Mizoram.
The total bamboo yield works out to be 32,37,689 MT/Year.
A total of 20 species of bamboo have been recorded
in the forest of Mizoram. Out of these species, Melocanna
baccifera is the predominant and occupies 95% of the
bamboo-afforested land in the state. It is often distributed
in tropical and subtropical riverine reserves and valleys
and grows profusely in the drainage areas of the Tlawng,
Tut, Teirei, Lang-kaih and Barak rivers in west Aizawl.
It is a very versatile species, the culms grow to 20
metres tall and are strong and durable with slender
fibres and inconspicuous nodes which renders them ideal
for house building, weaving, pulping and the production
of small softwood products such as incense sticks, chopsticks
and toothpicks. The shoots can also be eaten, and are
of high quality.
Bamboo for sustainable development:
Bamboo in agriculture:
Bamboo pipes are used to irrigate vast tracts of agricultural
land in different agro-ecological settings. More than
a million bamboo pumps are in current use. Bamboo is
also used in making dams, dikes, sluice gates, farm
implements, props, stakes, floats fish trap, silk cocoon
trays, chicken coops, windbreak barriers and several
Bamboo in construction:
Bamboo houses are traditional in many countries and
shelter 1000 people. It is used for pillars, post, stilts,
rafters, roofing, flooring, walling, scaffolding and
a host of other purposes. Bamboo's mechanical properties
also make it an ideal material for earthquake resistant
and emergency housing.
Bamboo in handicrafts:
Bamboo's natural elegance and easy workability make
it a choice material for handicrafts. The Chinese manufacture
more than 8000 bamboo and rattan items. From buttons
to baskets, from lamps to lacquer ware, from mats to
musical instruments from toys to walking sticks, bamboo
can make it all.
Bamboo in transportation:
Bamboo cullms float in water as they are lightweight
and the inteodes are filled with air. This property
has been put to use for thousand of years in making
rafts, junks and boats, and their masts sail and outriggers.
Bamboo is also used in making wagon floor, carts and
their hoods, and suspension bridges.
Bamboo in micro enterprises:
Micro enterprises make extensive use of bamboo in furniture,
handmade paper, handlooms, curtains and blinds, toothpicks,
chopsticks, incense sticks and various other products.
The incense stick industry in India has over 3800 production
units that generate nearly US $ 400 million from domestic
and export markets.
Bamboo in industry:
Bamboo is an ideal raw material for many industries.
The bamboo shoots industry in China earns US $ 130 million
per year from exports. About half of India's bamboo
consumption is for making paper pulp. Other major uses
of bamboo are in the production of rayon, activated
charcoal and flooring and paneling products
|Tree Volume In cub.m/ha
clumps (14,020 tones)
Per capita consumption of Bamboo is 4.41 nos. in rural
area and 1.81 nos. in urban area.
- Number of bamboo species recorded in Mizoram = 21
- Melocana baccifera (Mautak) constitute about 95%
of the total stock.
Availability of bamboo species
in Mizoram and their uses:
There are 20 bamboo species available in Mizoram out
of which the following are some of the list of Bamboo
species with their uses:
|Bambusa tulda Roxb
& printing paper, RCC construction, enable
||Paper pulp, building
construction, crafting edible
|D. hamiltonii Nees
||Paper, RCC slabs
& poles, basket, mat, furniture, edible
construction, good quality tooth picks
|D. sikkimensis Gamblek
||Pulp & paper,
posts fencing, edible
|D. strictus (Roxb)
||Paper, pulp construction
purposes, fencing, edible
|S. Polymorphum (Munro)
||Woven ware, Rare
& basket making etc.
||Hedge, basket making
Mizoram invites prospective private investors and Foreign
Direct Investment (FDI) for setting up of industrial
units for making bamboo chips, bamboo mat ply, toothpicks,
bamboo blinds, chopsticks, incense stick (agarbatti)
either in Joint Venture with Mizoram Bamboo Development
Agency or other with local entrepreneurs.