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Major Industries


Agriculture is the prominent sector in Orissa's economy. In Orissa 65% work force derives employment from agriculture.

Land use pattern in the state:

(In lakh hects)
Geographical area 155.71
Forest 58.13
Land not available for cultivation 18.42
Misc. tree crops 4.82
Pasture 4.43
Waste lands 3.92
Fallow lands 8.60
Net area sown 57.39
Cultivated area 61.65
Cultivable area 65.99
Grass Cropped area 87.18
Cropping intensity 152%

Thrust areas targeted by the government in agriculture sector

  • Dry land agriculture on watershed basis
  • Production of commercial crops - cotton, sugarcane, potato
  • Agricultural Intensification with water management in irrigation command
  • Quality seed production through seed village approach
  • Small farm mechanization & agro service center
  • Creation of farmer's market (Kissan mandi)
  • Information Technology in Agriculture
  • Infrastructure development (Agro-processing, Cold storage, Seed processing etc.)

Special Schemes for agriculture sector

A number of special schemes both internally and externally aided are operating in the state. Some of the important schemes aided by Govt.of India are

  • Integrated Cereals Development Programme (Rice)
  • National Pulse Development Programme (NPDP)
  • Oilseed Production Programme (OPP)
  • Special Jute Development Programme (SJDP)
  • Intensive Cotton Development Programme (ICDP, Cotton)

These are basically crop-oriented scheme with the main objectives of increasing production and productivity through better-input supply, extension support and infrastructural facilities. Supply of inputs at subsidized rate, seed village programme for production of certified seeds, laying of block demonstration, distribution of minikits to popularize new varieties, farm mechanization are some of the novel features of these schemes.

Highlights and achievements during 2005-06 of agriculture sector

  • 628 Block Level Farmer's Awareness Campaign (Krushak Sampark Mela) observed in all the 314 blocks one in Kharif and one in Rabi.
  • IEC material like booklets (1,80,000), leaflets (10,56,000) and posters (3,60,000) have been prepared and distributed to the farmers.
  • 250 farmers have visited other states and 1000 farmers have visited within the state under Farmer's Exposure visit.
  • 2500 demonstrations on popularization of Rabi cultivation in rainfed areas have been conducted.
  • 9085 paddy minikit trials of different varieties including hybrids have been conducted during Kharif 2005.
  • 31765 pulse and 51397 oilseed minikit trials have been conducted.
  • 200 Farmer Field Schools (FFS) on rice, 42 FFS on Jute and 50 FFS on sugarcane have been conducted.
  • 3325 farm ponds have been executed in the scheme enhancing sustainability of dry land farming system under work plan Macro management.
  • Popularisation of farm machineries like tractor drawn rotavator, self-propelled rice transplanter, reaper, axial flow thresher, hydraulic trailer, paddy thresher/winnower are gaining momentum.
  • An area of 1.77-lakh hectare has been brought under irrigation through installation of 62,972 private irrigation projects like shallow tube well, medium tube well and bore well.
  • The per hectare power input has been increased from 0.60 kw to 0.714 kw


Horticulture based farming system is emerging as the most productive practice for augmenting additional income to the small landholders of the state. Various crops like fruits, vegetables, floricultural crops, medicinal and aromatic plants, spices and plantation crops are cultivated.

Area and production of Horticultural crops

Crop Area Production
Fruits 2.37 lakh ha. 14.03 lakh MT.
Vegetables 6.29 lakh ha. 78.08 lakh MT.
Ornamental(Flowering & foliage) 592 ha 19275 qntls 20 lakh nos. of spike (Gladioli)
Spices 1.71 lakh ha. 4.39 lakh MT.
Coconut 0.508 lakh ha. 2750 lakh nuts

National Horticulture Mission has provided a boost to the horticultural development of the state not only to be self-sufficient but also to emerge as a hub of export of horticultural produce to the neighbouring states as well as to other countries in the commercial horticultural crops and spices. Out of 30 districts 19 districts of the state has been covered under National Horticultural Mission.

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